Bones meet to form a joint and wherever a very thin layer of slippery but viscous fluid (synovial fluid) separates and lubricates the cartilages which cover the bones, such joints are known as synovial joints. There are many synovial joints in the human body including the hand, wrist, neck, back, knee and hip.
Synovial joints are the reason behind locomotion and movement of human beings. Aging joints, injury and obesity leads to osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis symptoms include pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease and it is also known as ‘wear and tear arthritis’. Several factors give rise to the development of this condition including excessive weight, injury, genes, and friction. Osteoarthritis is a long term disease but there is no cure. Treatments are there mostly to regulate symptoms.
Strengthening exercises helps in building muscles around the affected joints and therefore there is less pressure on those synovial joints which results in reducing the pain. It is very important to maintain an active life, however physical activity is an impediment when the joints are aching.
Excessive weight puts an additional force to the synovial joints. It is of utmost importance that you keep a check on your weight by managing your diet and following exercises when you are suffering from osteoarthritis.
Joints surgery can replace severely damaged joints, especially the knees. The surgeries are mostly costly.
There are medications available for managing the pain and inflammation. You can try this product called Ostenil. Ostenil is injected into the affected joints once a week for a total of three to five injections. Several joints may be treated at the same time. The effects of this treatment will last up to at least 6 months. Repeat treatment cycles may be administered with the advice of a doctor. It is very important that proper rest should be taken by the patient along with the dose. Ostenil improves the lubricating and shock absorbing functions of synovial fluid and reduces mechanical overload of the joints.